Babyish (/'beibjiʃ/) was originally a language spoken by a certain groups of kids in Hong Kong. They use Cantonese as their mother tongue, and they were taught with extensive amount of English in school as well. On the other hand, some of the kids have their grandparents speaking with another kind of language at home, and some elements were brought into their common language. When they were growing up, some of them learnt French and Japanese and they brought some elements into their common langauge.
The name for "Babyish" have two kinds of saying:
- Such common language does not have a name before, and was named as "Babyish" later, for the comments by one of their parents about "Why are you talking in a tone like a baby?"
- Another kind of saying is that, the Babyish was originally designed to "simplify" the complicated English as perceived by Primary school children. The word "Babyish" originated from "Baby", and the word "Baby" originated from the Cantonese saying of "Baby" (BB). "BB", however, comes from the result of the "simplified" language that all the "is" "am" "are" was simplified into "be".
Now, these native speakers of Babyish has spread around the world. Some of them lives in Toronto, some of them lives in Boston, some of them lives in Chicago, while most of them lives in Hong Kong, but scattered. I wish to use the portal to link these people up, and share their knowledge about the langauge. We used to have literatures and publications (handwritten or typed) in the past. I think this is quite an interesting way to see how a langauge is being developed.
The maximum number of language population was around 100. There are much less people who can speak this language, as they have forgotten the language when they grown up and speak the "proper language" required by the society.
- See also: Babyish dialects
Babyish languages can basically be classified into two branches:
- Babyish - characterised by its 5 vowels system (ä and ö are considered part of a and o)
- Sheepness - besides a, e, i, o and u, they considered schwa as the 6th vowel and coded separatedly, while Babyish will distribute them among the 5 vowels as short vowels. For each of the branch, there are further sub-branches, differed by the suffices and articles used in sentences.
Phonology and writing systemEdit
Babyish has its own characters, being some geometric shapes, but was not used beyond illustration. It is transcripted in two ways:
The writing system (or Babyish orthography) of Babyish is phonemic (or phonetic, to use a simplier word). There are not many words that do not pronounce the same as it was written, and these words are usually easy to remember. All letters in Babyish are pronounced. Every phoneme in Babyish is represented by a character, and nearly every character in Babyish is represented by only one sound. The word "nearly" need to add here, because it is a language of more than 20 years. Also, as people emigrated and adopted different culture from other places, such impacts caused changes to the language as well.
Since Babyish is a pidgin of Cantonese, some words are tonal and require indication of tones. Tonal marks from pinyin is borrowed for tone indication. There are still possible ambiguity in the current lexicon, but the approach is believed the best way to represent the language.
|Cat||Uzaza / Miao||Original / Onomotopaeic|
|Dog||Azaza / Wou||Original / Onomotopaeic|
|Rabbit||Zaza / Déng||Original|
|Tortoise (or turtle)||Wuggwài||Cantonese|
|full (after meal)||báo||Cantonese|
|hungry (after meal)||mǐbáo||Cantonese (= "mǐ-" not yet + "báo")|
|not used||Mǐyused||Cantonese+English (= "mǐ-" not yet + "yused")|
|Elder Brother||(le) gor||Cantonese|
|Younger Brother||(le) sálou||Cantonese|
|Elder Sister||(la) sis||English||"sis" is not pronounced as /sis/, but is pronounced as /dzit/ instead, a pattern occurred in Korean as well|
|Younger Sister||(la) mui||Cantonese|
|Mother||Mama / Mami||Cantonese|
|Clear water||Nanasui||from "sui"|
|Tea for guest||Oucya||Japanese|
|Tea for sheep||Meorcya||derived from "me"+"oucya"|
- miao: cat
- wou: dog
- me: sheep
- uzaza: cat
- azaza: dog
- zaza: rabbit
- ör: fish
- mu: bear
Mixture of Original and AdoptionEdit
- muhuŋ: teddy bear (huŋ for all kinds of bears)
- welkom: welcome
- plänèt: planet
- fikstā: from "fixed-star", a direct translation from the corresponding Chinese term "恆星".
(mostly place names)
- jü: pig
- šī: tree (pl. -s)
- šīyip: leaf (pl. -s)
- šīhuŋ: koala (pl. -s)
- wongjü: silly/stupid
- Xiongmao: Panda (xióngmao)
- Cya: tea
- o-: polite form (may be a variant of à, you cannot have polite form for vegetable like o-coi?)
- le/la: the
- à: at
Writing Systems Edit
See also: Babyish grammar
(syntax and inflectional morphology)
See also: Babyish semantics
(derivational morphology and miscellaneous usage notes)
- Babyish alphabet
- Babyish calligraphy
- Babyish dialects
- Babyish grammar
- Babyish hanchar
- Basic Babyish vocabulary - Vocabulary collection - Yòhäŋ-sajòŋ
- Babyish literatures
- Babyish semantics
- List of people in Babyish literatures
- Babyish spellchecker
- Babyish pùblikeiçion